Andalusian Circular Bioeconomy Strategy, approved by Andalusian Government on September 18, 2018, focuses on the areas of bioeconomy activities that are less developed in the community and, therefore, need greater institutional support through the implementation of specific actions that facilitate its take-off and consolidation in the medium-long term.
The relevant sectors for the bioeconomy include agriculture, forestry, fishing, food and paper production, as well as part of the chemical, biotechnology and energy industries.
The time horizon of the strategy is 2030 and for this it has resources worth around 1,400 million euros aimed at specific actions that have been developed with the collaboration of more than 50 external experts from the sectors of interest.
The main objective of Andalusian Strategy of the Circular Bioeconomy is to contribute to sustainable growth and development in Andalusia by foresting actions towards the production of renewable and biological products and processes, specifying in this document three strategic objectives:
- Increase the availability of sustainable biomass for its use through innovative treatments.
- Increase the number of bio-industries and biorefineries in Andalusia.
- Increase markets and the consumption of bioproducts and bioenergy in Andalusia.
This document establishes four strategic lines that encompass measures and actions to achieve these objectives:
- Promote production and availability of biomass.
- Improve Infrastructures and logistics of biomass.
- Facilitate industrial transformation processes of biomass resources and industrial production capacities of bioproducts and bioenergy.
- Development of markets for bioproducts and bioenergy.
Andalusian Strategy of the Circular Bioeconomy also includes four instrumental programs of a transversal nature:
A. Communication and awareness.
B. Promotion of R + D + i and education
C. Access to financing
D. Cooperation and collaboration
European and national strategies
The European Commission is working on the revision of the European strategic pillars in relation to the bioeconomy. The current document: "Innovation at the service of sustainable growth: a bioeconomy for Europe", published in February 2012, proposes a comprehensive approach to address the ecological, environmental, energy, food supply and natural resources challenges.
Delivering a sustainable circular bioeconomy requires a concerted effort by public authorities and industry. To drive this collective effort, and based on three key objectives, the Commission will launch 14 concrete measures in 2019, including:
- Scaling up and strengthening the bio-based sectors:
- Rapidly deploying bioeconomies across Europe:
- Protecting the ecosystem and understanding the ecological limitations of the bioeconomy
The bioeconomy covers all sectors and systems that rely on biological resources. It is one of the EU's largest and most important sectors encompassing agriculture, forestry, fisheries, food, bio-energy and bio-based products with an annual turnover of around €2 trillion and around 18 million people employed.
At the national level, Spanish Strategy for Bioeconomy Horizon 2030, approved in 2016, is based on the science-economy-society triangle. The public sector is responsible for promoting, stimulating and coordinating the strategy, the productive and technological bioeconomic sectors and the R + D + i and education.